When people think of diabetes, the first thing that comes to mind is food and especially the ban on sweets. Modern dietary recommendations are not so strict, they are rather complex:
- Eat a variety of foods and at least five times a day fruits and vegetables.
- Reduce fat and protein to reasonable amounts.
- Balance your carbohydrate intake according to your insulin and physical activity.
- The first and second recommendations are applicable to all people, whether they have diabetes or not. The third recommendation determines the control of dietary blood sugar. Half of the daily insulin is used to balance the carbohydrates we eat.
- Foods containing carbohydrates, fats and proteins, which are a source of energy, and many other ingredients such as vitamins, minerals, which are important for the course of life processes in the body.
- Carbohydrates in food are the ones that have the greatest impact on blood sugar levels. People with diabetes have impaired carbohydrate metabolism. The intake of carbohydrate foods causes them to have a sharp rise in blood sugar levels. But with the right choice, the rapid rise in blood sugar can be reduced. That is why nutritionists recommend taking the so-called. slow carbohydrates – they are found in whole grain breads, legumes, fruits, milk, spaghetti, potatoes. These foods slowly and moderately raise blood sugar and are suitable for diabetics. It is recommended that their intake be up to 55% of the daily ration.
- Foods that contain the so-called. fast carbohydrates – sugar, candy, honey, can be taken only in cases of hypoglycemia or with additional exercise.
- Vegetables contain mainly cellulose, vitamins, minerals, water and practically do not raise blood sugar levels. They can be taken in unlimited quantities throughout the day.
Intake of large amounts of fat with food carries a risk of obesity, heart disease and elevated blood sugar levels afterwards. Remember that the total amount of fat in the diet should be less than 30% of the calories consumed for the day.
Protein is not essential for controlling blood sugar. Half of the protein we eat is converted into carbohydrates in a few hours. Protein is only 10-12% of total calorie intake, so they have less than 10% effect on blood sugar levels.